Extend the Event Notification RFC
As use of the event notification system grows, requests for some added capabilities have begun to surface. These include the ability to notify across threads in the same process, and the ability to direct ordering of event notifications when registering event handlers. This RFC addresses those needs without requiring any changes to the involved APIs.
Copyright (c) 2017 Intel, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Several use-cases have identified desirable extensions to the behavior of the event notification system, especially in the registration area. These include:
Hybrid applications (i.e., applications that utilize more than one programming model, such as an MPI application that also uses OpenMP) are growing in popularity. As addressed by the relevant RFC, this trend would benefit from cross-library coordination. Coordinating with a threading library such as OpenMP subsequently creates the need for separate event handlers for threads of the same process, thus requiring support for multiple threads to potentially register different event handlers against the same status code.
a need for the caller to define a desired callback sequence when registering event handlers. This is primarily driven by a desire to ensure that a particular event handler is called prior to a global default event handler that might take draconian action (e.g., abort the job)
a need for an event handler to indicate whether or not an “abort” is required at completion of the event processing chain. In many cases, the default event handler simply aborts the application. This is adequate in cases where a prior event handler can fully resolve the problem, and therefore safely terminate the event handler callback chain. However, in some cases an event handler may handle only enough of the problem to assure that an “abort” operation is not required, but needs to allow other event handlers an opportunity to further resolve issues. Since the subsequent handlers may have differing conclusions regarding termination, a method for reaching a consolidated result is required.
None of these require modification of existing PMIx APIs, nor addition of new ones. Instead, all can be supported by adding attributes to direct the behavior of the existing event registration/notification functions.
Event registration extensions
There are three proposed changes to event registration.
Registering multiple event handlers against same codes
This change stipulates that the implementation must support multiple event handlers being registered against the same status code(s). PMIx has always had a requirement that a status code could be used in both a single status event handler, and multiple multi-status event handlers. However, we previously required that a single-status event registration could only be done once using that status code, and that a given combination of status codes could only be registered once as a multi-status handler. This RFC removes those restrictions and requires that an implementation support multiple single-status handlers registered against a given code, and multiple handlers registered against the same combination of codes. The precedence attributes described below can be applied to direct ordering across these handlers.
Note that the current standard doesn’t explicitly state that any PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_NAME attribute given at registration be unique. The RFC corrects that lack by making this an explicit requirement. The PMIx implementation is required to return an error whenever this is violated, regardless of any other attributes that may or may not be provided. However, an event registration is not required to provide a handler name – any non-named handlers cannot be subsequently cited when requesting precedence.
The current PMIx standard does not actually specify a default ordering for event handlers as they are being registered. However, it does include an inherent ordering for invocation. Specifically, PMIx stipulates that handlers be called in the following categorical order:
single status event handlers – i.e., handlers that were registered against a single specific status.
multi status event handlers – those registered against more than one specific status
default event handlers – those registered against no specific status
The intent of this RFC is to add a capability to support arbitrary ordering within these categories – i.e., one can direct that a single status event handler come before another single status handler, but not that a multi-event handler precede a single event handler. There are only two allowed exceptions – a user may request that a specified event handler be executed at the beginning or at the end of the chain, regardless of category.
The primary need here is for attributes indicating desired ordering of the event handler being registered vs other handlers that have already been registered or will subsequently be registered. In both cases, it is necessary that the user provide something to identify each handler so the relative position can later be specified – this is to be done via the existing PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_NAME attribute. In addition, the RFC retains the existing PMIX_EVENT_ORDER_PREPEND attribute that directs PMIx to prepend the handler being registered to the front of the chain for that category of handler, but renames that attribute to PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_PREPEND for consistency.
Since no default ordering was previously specified, users could not be certain of expected behavior when registering handlers. Thus, this RFC removes the ambiguity by requiring implementations to default to prepending event handlers within their respective categories.
Within these constraints, the following new attributes are proposed:
PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_FIRST – invoke this event handler before any other handlers. Note that only one event handler can be given this directive – any subsequent registrations that contain this attribute will return an error, as will requests to “register before” this handler. As previously noted, this event handler can be of any category.
PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_LAST – invoke this event handler after all other handlers have been called. Note that only one event handler can be given this directive – any subsequent registrations that contain this attribute will return an error, as will requests to “register after” this handler. As previously noted, this event handler can be of any category.
PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_FIRST_IN_CATEGORY – invoke this event handler before any other handlers in this category. Note that only one event handler can be given this directive for each category – any subsequent registrations that contain this attribute will return an error, as will requests to “register before” this handler.
PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_LAST_IN_CATEGORY – invoke this event handler after all other handlers in this category have been called. Note that only one event handler can be given this directive – any subsequent registrations in this category that contain this attribute will return an error, as will requests to “register after” this handler.
PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_BEFORE – put this event handler immediately before the one specified in the (char*) value. The named event handler must be in the same category (single, multi, or default) as the one being registered. An error will be returned if the named event handler is not found, or the categories do not match.
PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_AFTER – put this event handler immediately after the one specified in the (char*) value. The named event handler must be in the same category (single, multi, or default) as the one being registered. An error will be returned if the named event handler is not found, or the categories do not match.
PMIX_EVENT_HDLR_APPEND – append the handler being registered to the end of the chain for that category of handler. If a handler has been specified to be the last in the category, then this handler will be placed directly in front of it.
Proc-Local data range
In addition to the above attributes, this RFC proposes a new data range definition:
#define PMIX_RANGE_PROC_LOCAL 7 // restrict range to the local proc
When given in a registration, the attribute indicates that the requestor only wishes this event handler to receive events generated by itself (e.g., by another thread within the same process).
Event notification extensions
Three changes are proposed to the event notification area.
Aggregation of event handler results
The current event notification standard requires that the implementation simply append any results returned by an event handler to the array of results passed in to subsequent handlers. It was left to each invoked event handler to scan the array of prior results and determine what, if any, action to take based on their content.
This RFC proposes to modify this behavior by allowing event handlers to modify the incoming results array. Thus, the implementation will be supplying a consolidated set of results to subsequent event handlers in place of the current aggregated array.
Event handlers can modify the results array in two ways:
the value of a particular key can be altered
a particular key-value pair can be marked for removal by free’ing the key and setting it to NULL. This directs the implementation to remove that array element before invoking the next handler
Additions to the results array can be provided in the event handler’s notification callback function. Any pmix_info_t structures provided in that array will continue to be appended to the results array prior to invoking the next handler. Note that the status returned by each event handler will be appended to the results array just before addition of any returned structures, as is currently done.
Receiver-level filtering of events
This change requires that the implementation apply any data range directives given during event handler registration to the notification prior to invoking the handler. Prior to this RFC, the delivery of an event to a specific process was governed solely by the data range given by the event generator. This RFC adds a second filter to the delivery procedure by allowing the registration to also specify the range of sources it will accept. Thus, even though an event generator may direct that this event go to a target process, the individual handlers registered by that process can specify which of them want to be invoked to service an event from that source range. Registrations that do not include a range directive will not be filtered.
The following event attributes are added to support fault tolerance behavior within the application:
PMIX_EVENT_NO_TERMINATION – indicates that the handler has satisfactorily handled the event and believes termination of the application is not required. Any other operations are permitted. This attribute can be overwritten by subsequent handlers.
PMIX_EVENT_WANT_TERMINATION – indicates that the handler has determined that the application should be terminated. Note that this can be overridden by subsequent event handlers unless the PMIX_INFO_REQD directive is set in the pmix_info_t struct containing this attribute.
Prototype implementation available in PMIx master repo in Pull Request 344
Ralph H. Castain